Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, “the District”, or simply D.C., is the capital of the United States. On July 16, 1790, the Residence Act approved the creation of a capital district located along the Potomac River on the country’s East Coast. As permitted by the U.S. Constitution, the District is under the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States Congress and is therefore not a part of any U.S. state.
The most important places to visit in Washington, D.C., are: The White House (symbolically the most important building of the country, US Presidents have lived and worked here for more than 200 years), Washington Monument (dominating the Washington DC skyline and dedicated to the first US President George Washington), The Capitol (a remarkable neoclassical landmark. Recognized around the world, this is where the US Senate and House of Representatives meet), National Cathedral (it is the most well known US cathedral. This beautiful building has been the site for many national memorial services), Supreme Court (among the country’s most important institutions, you can take a tour to learn about its history and inner workings), Lincoln Memorial (dedicated to Abraham Lincoln, 16th US President and a great leader. Completed in 1922, it is modeled after Greek temples), Library of Congress (it is the largest library in the world. The magnificent building houses approximately 90 million archives materials), Jefferson Memorial (it is dedicated to Thomas Jefferson, third US President and one of the Founding Fathers. The memorial is modeled after Rome’s Pantheon) and many more.